Reptiles in Nepal – Wildlife in Nepal

Nepal is home to a diverse array of reptiles, and its varying elevations and ecosystems contribute to this richness. Here are some notable reptiles found in Nepal:

Gharial Crocodile in Bardia National Park, Nepal

  1. Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus):
    • The gharial is a critically endangered species of crocodile, known for its long, slender snout. It primarily inhabits rivers in the Terai region, including the Karnali and Narayani rivers.
  2. Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris):
    • Also known as the marsh crocodile, the mugger crocodile is found in freshwater habitats across Nepal, including rivers, lakes, and marshes.
  3. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah):
    • The King Cobra, one of the largest venomous snakes, is found in the lowland and mid-hill regions of Nepal, particularly in dense forests.
  4. Indian Rock Python (Python molurus):
    • This non-venomous constrictor is found in various habitats, from grasslands to forests, and is known to inhabit parts of Nepal.
  5. Cobra Species (Naja spp.):
    • Various cobra species, including the Spectacled Cobra (Naja naja), inhabit Nepal. They are often found in a range of habitats, including agricultural fields.
  6. Krait Species (Bungarus spp.):
    • Kraits, such as the Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus), are venomous snakes found in different parts of Nepal, including both lowland and hilly regions.
  7. Various Viper Species:
    • Nepal is home to several viper species, including the Himalayan Pit Viper (Gloydius himalayanus) and the Bamboo Pit Viper (Trimeresurus spp.).
  8. Indian Monitor Lizard (Varanus bengalensis):
    • The Indian Monitor Lizard is found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and agricultural areas in Nepal.
  9. Gecko Species:
    • Various gecko species, such as the Kotschy’s Gecko (Mediodactylus kotschyi), are found in Nepal, particularly in warmer regions.
  10. Skink Species:
    • Skinks, such as the Red-tailed Skink (Eutropis spp.), inhabit different parts of Nepal and are often found in forested areas.
  11. Turtle Species:
    • Nepal is home to several species of turtles, including the Indian Tent Turtle (Pangshura tentoria) and the Indian Flapshell Turtle (Lissemys punctata).

These are just a few examples of the diverse reptile fauna found in Nepal. The country’s varied topography and ecosystems contribute to the presence of a wide range of reptile species, each adapted to its specific habitat.

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