Wildlife in Nepal

Nepal is endowed with a rich and diverse array of wildlife, thanks to its varied topography and climates. The country boasts numerous national parks, wildlife reserves, and conservation areas that are home to a wide range of species. Here are some notable wildlife species found in Nepal:

Tiger seen by Walking in Bardia National Park, Nepal


  1. Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris):
    • The Bengal tiger, an iconic and endangered species, inhabits the Terai region and is primarily found in national parks like Chitwan and Bardia.
  2. One-Horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis):
    • Chitwan National Park is renowned for its successful conservation of the one-horned rhinoceros, a species that was once on the brink of extinction.
  3. Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus):
    • Elephants roam in various national parks, including Chitwan and Bardia. They play a crucial role in the region’s ecosystems.
  4. Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens):
    • Found in the eastern Himalayan region, the red panda is an adorable and endangered species, dwelling in the dense bamboo forests.
  5. Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia):
    • Inhabiting the high-altitude regions of the Himalayas, the elusive snow leopard is a rare and endangered big cat species.
  6. Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster):
    • This small, elusive deer species is adapted to mountainous terrain and is found in the higher reaches of the Himalayas.
  7. Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa):
    • The clouded leopard, characterized by its distinctive markings, resides in the foothills of the Himalayas.
  8. Gaur (Bos gaurus):
    • Also known as the Indian bison, the gaur is the largest species of wild cattle and is found in protected areas across Nepal.

Elephant Seen in Bardia National Park, Nepal


  1. Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus):
    • The national bird of Nepal, the Himalayan monal, is known for its vibrant plumage and is found in the higher altitudes of the Himalayas.
  2. Pheasants (Various Species):
    • Nepal is home to numerous pheasant species, including the cheer pheasant, koklass pheasant, and kalij pheasant.
  3. Sarus Crane (Antigone antigone):
    • The world’s tallest flying bird, the sarus crane, can be spotted in wetland areas of Nepal.
  4. Impeyan Pheasant (Lophophorus impejanus):
    • Also known as the danphe, the impeyan pheasant is the national bird of Nepal and is found in the Himalayan region.
  5. Vultures (Various Species):
    • Nepal is home to several vulture species, including the critically endangered white-rumped vulture.

Bird Life in Bardia National Park

Reptiles and Amphibians:

  1. Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus):
    • The critically endangered gharial, a species of crocodile, can be found in certain rivers of Nepal, such as the Karnali and Narayani.
  2. Common Asian Toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus):
    • This widespread amphibian species is found in various habitats across Nepal.
  3. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah):
    • The king cobra, one of the world’s longest venomous snakes, inhabits the forests of the Terai region.

Mugger Crocodile in Bardia National Park

Nepal’s commitment to conservation has led to the protection of these diverse species, making it a unique destination for wildlife enthusiasts and researchers. The country’s national parks and reserves provide a chance to witness this rich biodiversity in their natural habitats.

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