A Travel Guide to Bardia National Park, Nepal

Bardia National Park, located in the western Terai region of Nepal, is a biodiverse and ecologically rich area that offers a variety of wildlife experiences. Here’s a detailed overview, including key information and possibilities for visitors:

Jungle Activities in Bardia National Park


  • Bardia National Park is situated in the Bardia district of the Bheri Province in western Nepal.
  • It covers an area of approximately 968 square kilometers (373 square miles).


  1. Flora:
    • The park features diverse ecosystems, including riverine forests, sal forests, grasslands, and mixed hardwood forests.
    • Key flora includes sal (Shorea robusta), khair (Acacia catechu), sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo), and numerous grass species.
  2. Fauna:
    • Bardia is renowned for its rich wildlife, including the Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, wild Asian elephant, spotted deer, hog deer, barking deer, sambar deer, and more.
    • Other species include sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, leopard, gharial, mugger crocodile, and various species of dolphins in the rivers.
    • The park is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 250 species of birds, including the endangered Bengal florican, sarus crane, and various species of eagles and vultures.

Activities and Experiences:

  1. Safari:
    • Jeep safaris are a popular way to explore the park and witness its diverse wildlife.
    • Elephant safaris provide a unique and close-up experience, especially for observing rhinoceros and other grassland species.
  2. Rafting:
    • Full-day rafting on the Karnali River allows visitors to observe wildlife along the riverbanks and enjoy the scenic beauty of the park.
  3. Bird Watching:
    • Bardia is a paradise for birdwatchers, and guided birdwatching tours offer the opportunity to spot a wide variety of avian species.
  4. Camping:
    • Camping experiences are available in the Babai Valley, providing a chance to spend nights in the wilderness and witness wildlife in their natural habitat.
  5. Fishing Trips:
    • Fishing trips to the Karnali and Babai Rivers offer the chance to catch the prized Large Mahasheer, among other freshwater species.
  6. Jungle Walks:
    • Guided jungle walks provide a more intimate exploration of the park, allowing visitors to observe wildlife, flora, and smaller creatures.
  7. Cultural Experiences:
    • Visitors can engage with the local Tharu communities, learning about their culture, traditions, and lifestyles.
    • Tharu dance performances and cultural programs are often organized for tourists.
  8. Trekking:
    • Short treks in the park and surrounding areas offer opportunities to explore the diverse landscapes and encounter wildlife.

Best Time to Visit:

  • The ideal time to visit Bardia National Park is during the dry season, from October to early April, when wildlife sightings are more prevalent.


  • Various lodges, resorts, and homestays are available in and around Bardia National Park, providing diverse options for accommodation.

Conservation Efforts:

  • Bardia National Park is actively involved in conservation initiatives, including programs to protect the endangered species within its boundaries.

Visiting Bardia National Park offers a unique blend of adventure, wildlife exploration, and cultural immersion, making it a captivating destination for nature enthusiasts and conservation advocates. Before planning a visit, it’s advisable to check for any updates on park regulations, weather conditions, and travel advisories.

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