Snakes in Nepal | Wildlife in Nepal | Bardia National Park

Nepal is home to a diverse range of snakes, both venomous and non-venomous. Some notable species include the Common Cobra, Russell’s Viper, Common Krait, Himalayan Pit Viper, King Cobra, and various others. While many snakes in Nepal are non-venomous, some pose a risk due to potent venom. Caution is advised, and it’s recommended to appreciate these fascinating reptiles from a safe distance. If encountered, especially in the wild, it’s best to leave them undisturbed and seek guidance from local authorities or wildlife experts. Awareness and respect for Nepal’s snake species contribute to a safer coexistence with these essential components of the country’s biodiversity.

Nepal is home to a diverse array of snakes, both venomous and non-venomous. Here are some notable snake species found in Nepal:

Snakes Seen at Bardia Natonal Park, Nepal

  1. Common Cobra (Naja naja):
    • This venomous snake is widespread in Nepal and is known for its iconic hood and potent venom.
  2. Russell’s Viper (Daboia russelii):
    • A venomous viper species found in various habitats, including grasslands and agricultural areas.
  3. Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus):
    • A highly venomous elapid snake known for its nocturnal habits. It is found in various parts of Nepal.
  4. Himalayan Pit Viper (Gloydius himalayanus):
    • A venomous pit viper that inhabits the Himalayan regions of Nepal.
  5. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah):
    • One of the world’s longest venomous snakes, the King Cobra is found in Nepal, particularly in lowland and mid-hill regions.
  6. Himalayan Keelback (Amphiesma platyceps):
    • A non-venomous colubrid snake found in the Himalayan region, known for its distinctive keeled scales.
  7. Green Pit Viper (Trimeresurus spp.):
    • Non-venomous and mildly venomous species of pit vipers found in various parts of Nepal, including forested areas.
  8. Olive Keelback (Atretium schistosum):
    • A non-venomous water snake commonly found in wetland habitats and rice fields.
  9. Bronzeback Tree Snake (Dendrelaphis spp.):
    • Non-venomous tree-dwelling snakes found in a variety of habitats, including forests and gardens.
  10. Banded Racer (Argyrogena fasciolata):
    • A non-venomous colubrid snake often found in grasslands and open areas.
  11. Red-necked Keelback (Rhabdophis subminiatus):
    • A mildly venomous snake with distinct red markings, found in lowland areas and near water bodies.
  12. Checkered Keelback (Xenochrophis piscator):
    • Non-venomous and commonly found near water bodies, including ponds and streams.

It’s important to note that while many snakes in Nepal are non-venomous or have mild venom, some species are highly venomous. Caution and awareness are essential when encountering snakes, and it’s advisable to appreciate them from a safe distance.

If you encounter a snake and are unsure about its venomous nature, it’s best to leave it undisturbed and seek assistance from local authorities or wildlife experts.

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